Risk Factors and Treatment of Deep Vein Thrombosis (DVT)
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Risk Factors and Treatment of Deep Vein Thrombosis (DVT)

Deep Vein Thrombosis or DVT is a blood clot in the leg that may occur after a surgical operation,pregnancy or a long period of bed rest. Know the risk factors and treatment for DVT.

What is Deep Vein Thrombosis (DVT)?

A blood clot in the leg that may occur after a surgical operation, pregnancy, or a long period of bed rest.

Risk factors for Thrombosis

People with family history of blood clots in veins

Overweight (obese) people are more prone of having thrombosis as there are more pressure in pelvis and legs veins.

Same with overweight, pregnancy also increases the pressure in the pelvis and legs veins.

Those with heart disease or blood circulation problems, a damaged heart cannot effectively pump blood as compared with healthy normal heart which can cause blood to pool and clot.

Smoking increases a person's risk of getting thrombosis

What are the symptoms of  Thrombosis?

Leg cramps

Loss of feeling in the legs

Tiredness or aching in the legs

An unexplained feeling of warmth in the legs or lower body

Suddenly prominent veins

Reddening of the skin

Treatment and How to Reduce the risk of Thrombosis

Blood tests are important to know the right amount and kind of treatment to a patient.

Antithrombotic medicines are prescribed by doctors which comes in three types : anticoagulants, antiplatelet drugs and thrombolytic agents.  Drugs to be taken while under treatment of DVT should be consulted to the doctor.

After a prolonged bed rest or an operation, certain exercises which involves legs can help in DVT treatment. 

The use of compression stockings is often recommended by surgeons after operation because it helps keep the blood circulation normal.

Take medicines always, together with anticoalugant record card, and other related medical documents especially while travelling.

Common terms in relation to Thrombosis :

Anticoagulant medicine.  A drug that helps to prevent blood clots.

Blood clot.  An unwanted lump of blood paltelets, also called a thrombus.  A blood clot in the leg is commonly known deep vein thrombosis or DVT.

Compression stockings.  Leggings that fit quite tightly and helps the blood circulation to stay normal.

Haematology.  The study of blood.

INR, International Normalized Ratio. It is the guide to the consistency of the blood.  If the blood is too thick and sticky, it may be prone to clotting.

Thrombocytopenia. A shortage of blood cells that cause blood to clot.

Venogram.  An X-Ray technique that reveals the veins in our legs, and any blood clots that might be in them.

Useful related links :

Health 101 : How to Reduce Your Risk of Heart Disease


Resources :



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Comments (12)

great to know this, thank you.

great article, thanks

Toni Star

Very interesting and helpful article!


Great article

Good one for the basic understanding and awareness. Thanks.

Thanks for the information.

Good for basic information. There is so much more. I might want to add IVC filters may be used to help prevent a clot in the lower extremeties from moving to the lungs, heart, or brain. Often those bedridden or paralyzed may see an increase in edema of the affected extremity as well. If the veins do not become prominent, that does not mean a blod clot is not present. Although a variety of anticoagulants are available, they need to be monitored carefully with blood test, some on a daily basis. Those who may have occurences of GI bleeds, may be taken off of anticoagulants altogether. Blood clots are life threatening, so if you have a loved one who has had surgery, clots in the past, or who is bedridden, paralzyed, had a stroke, heart disease or with other risk factors, learn as much as you can about the signs and symptoms. It is better to suspect a clot, and go to the hospital to find out that one is not there, than to have one break off and move, possibly becoming a life threatening situtation thay may result in death.

This is a really good and important article, buzzing it up.

an important subject and that you've described the symptoms is really helpful. a very helpful article, buzzing it up :)

Welll done helpful and healthful information.Promoted

Very nice piece of work.

Returning with a well deserved vote up!