High Blood Pressure- Causes, Symptoms and Control
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High Blood Pressure- Causes, Symptoms and Control

High blood pressure is one of the most common diseases which can cause heart failures or strokes. Reducing sodium intake, adopting a healthy diet and exercising can reduce high BP.

High blood pressure is a silent killer. People are not often aware that their pressure is not normal until they are struck by deadly diseases. High blood pressure if left untreated can cause death in the form of heart attacks or strokes.

What is high blood pressure?

Blood circulates through the body. Blood pressure is the push of blood alongside the artery walls. There can be variations in blood pressure readings on a single day itself, but if the readings are above or below normal, it has to be treated accordingly to prevent complications. High blood pressure can cause damage to the body. A person who has high blood pressure has a risk of getting heart attacks and kidney damage.

What does blood pressure reading mean?

Systolic and Diastolic are the terms used to indicate blood pressure readings. Systolic is the rate of blood pressure when the heart is beating during the process of pumping blood. The normal level of systolic blood pressure is 120.

A normal person will have less than 120. A pre hyper tension patient will have levels between 120 and139. Stage I high blood pressure patient will have systolic reading between 140 and159. Stage II high blood pressure patient will have reading above160.

Diastolic reading is the measurement of blood pressure between heart beats. The diastolic reading of a normal person will be less than 80. A pre hyper tension patient will have levels between 80 and 89. Stage I high blood pressure patient will have a diastolic reading between 90 and 99. Stage II high blood pressure patient will have a diastolic reading above 100.

Symptoms of high blood pressure

1. Headaches

2. Dizziness

3. Nose bleeding

4. Fatigue

5. Flushed face

Symptoms in severe cases can include nausea, shortness of breath, blurred eye sight and restlessness.

Causes of high blood pressure

1. Age-hardening arteries

2. Race-African Americans and Asians

3. Heredity

4. Socio economic

5. Gender-men have greater risks

6. Obesity

How to control blood pressure?

Dietary changes can help reduce high blood pressure and also help maintain a healthy body.

1. Reduce salt intake

2. Decrease alcohol intake

3. Vegetarian diet which includes lots of fruits and vegetables.

4. Eating fibers will help reduce high BP

5. Eating fish

6. Exercises like walking will reduce high BP.

7. Reduce weight

8. Stop smoking.

People who are diagnosed with high blood pressure can reduce it by adopting a diet plan recommended by the physician and discontinuing habits like smoking and drinking. In most cases people are not aware that they have high blood pressure. Therefore it is recommended to check the blood pressure after a person reaches the age of 40.

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Comments (7)

Great article. thanks for the useful information

thanks sir

Very detailed and comprehensive. Well-done on this!

thank you dear guims

Excellently presented health article with good facts.

A great article that explains a nasty health issue really well. Really top work, Deepa.

High blood pressure is the main cause of modern diseases. thank you Deepa for your affectionate support.